Usmca Trade Agreement
Many workers and business leaders blame trade deals such as NAFTA for declining employment in U.S. manufacturing. The U.S. auto sector has lost about 350,000 jobs since 1994 – a third of the sector – while employment in Mexico`s auto sector has risen from 120,000 to 550,000 workers. Pursuant to Section 103(b)(2) of the USMCA Act, the date of the recommended provisional rules is set no later than when the USMCA comes into force and the uniform rules of origin are implemented.  USMCA regulations help interpret the various chapters of the USMCA, primarily chapters 4-7. These rules were published one month before the trade agreement entered into force and were replaced by NAFTA on July 1, 2020.  An April 2019 Analysis by the International Trade Commission on the likely effects of the USMCA estimated that the agreement, if fully implemented (six years after ratification), would increase U.S. real GDP by 0.35% and increase the U.S. Total employment of 0.12% (176,000 jobs).
  The analysis cited in another Congressional Research Service study showed that the agreement would not have a measurable impact on employment, wages, or overall economic growth.  In the summer of 2019, Larry Kudlow (the director of the National Economic Council of the Trump White House) made unfounded allegations about the likely economic impact of the deal and exaggerated forecasts in terms of jobs and GDP growth.  Contact the Import Specialist Team of your center of excellence in www.cbp.gov/trade/centers-excellence-and-expertise-information/cee-directory The pact has catalyzed Mexico`s transition from one of the world`s most protectionist economies to one of the most trade-open. Mexico had reduced many of its trade barriers in 1986, when it concluded the WTO`s precursor To the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), but still had an average pre-NAFTA tariff level [PDF] of 10%. In late 2019, the Trump administration won Democratic support in Congress at the USMCA after agreeing to incorporate greater labor law enforcement. In the updated Pact, the parties agreed on a number of changes: the rules of origin for the automotive industry were strengthened, so that 75% of each vehicle must come from the Member States, compared to 62.5%; And new work rules have been added, which require that 40 percent of each vehicle come from factories that pay at least $16 an hour. A proposal to extend intellectual property protection for the United States. . . .